What Can a Family Do to Help Children Develop Resiliency?

  • Families can help children develop resiliency by providing stable caring, support and affection.​
    • Children need to develop a close bond with at least one person (not necessarily the mother or father) who provides them with stable care that fosters a sense of basic trust and from whom they receive adequate and appropriate attention. Ideally, these bonds should be established during infancy.​
    • Children also need the enduring, loving involvement of one or more adults in care and joint activity with the child.​
    • Children need to be reinforced with trust and positive relationships.​

     Families also foster resiliency when they demonstrate high expectations. ​

    • High expectations mean that families expect success beginning in early childhood. Families have an attitude that enables them to see the potential for maturity, common sense, learning and well-being in their children.​
    • Parents respect the child’s autonomy and provide structure, discipline and clear rules that encourage the child’s independence.​
    • Faith or hope for the future through setting clear moral and spiritual values and realistic goals with the child​

     Families also foster the development of resiliency when they expect and provide opportunities for participation.​

    • This means that families provide lots of opportunities for the child to participate in and contribute to family life in meaningful ways.​
    • When parents give children responsibilities they communicate to the child that he/she is worthy and capable of being contributing members of the family.​                                                 Big Ideas
      • Children face many risks and threats in today’s world including these risk factors:​
      • Poverty​
      • Drop out/no education​
      • Abuse​
      • Resilient children are able to “bounce back” and overcome adversity.​
      • These protective factors help children develop resiliency:​
      • Caring and support​
      • High expectations​
      • Opportunities for participation