Methods used in building learning community will depend on the type of online learning environment you are setting up:
Synchronous– classes that occur on set schedules and time frames
Asynchronous- participants complete their work on their own time or
Combination- a mix of synchronous and asynchronous
Participants need to feel connected to the trainer in asynchronous learning because the other participants may not be in the same place in the course and may have no interaction with other students.
In synchronous learning, the participants must feel connected to the instructor and the other participants in the course in order to build the learning community but also to learn from each other. It is important for the trainer to stay involved and monitor any participant communication to ensure that accurate and up to date information is being shared among participants and everyone is being treated respectfully.